What is RAII (Resource Acquisition Is Initialization) and how does it benefit C++ programming?

RAII Explained

  • Concept: RAII ties resource management to object lifetime. Resources are acquired in a constructor and released in the destructor.
  • Benefits:
    • Automatic Cleanup: Ensures resources are released when objects go out of scope, reducing memory leaks.
    • Exception Safety: Ensures resources are properly released even if exceptions occur.