Operators in Python

In Python, operators are special symbols or characters that are used to perform specific operations on one or more values or variables. Python supports a wide range of operators, including arithmetic, assignment, comparison, logical, bitwise, membership, and identity operators.

Arithmetic Operators: Arithmetic operators are used to perform mathematical operations on numerical values. Python supports the following arithmetic operators: + for addition, - for subtraction, * for multiplication, / for division, % for modulus, ** for exponentiation, and // for floor division.

Assignment Operators: Assignment operators are used to assign values to variables. Python supports the following assignment operators: = for simple assignment, += for addition assignment, -= for subtraction assignment, *= for multiplication assignment, /= for division assignment, %= for modulus assignment, **= for exponentiation assignment, and //= for floor division assignment.

Comparison Operators: Comparison operators are used to compare two values or variables. Python supports the following comparison operators: == for equal to, != for not equal to, > for greater than, < for less than, >= for greater than or equal to, and <= for less than or equal to.

Logical Operators: Logical operators are used to combine multiple conditions or expressions. Python supports the following logical operators: and for logical and, or for logical or, and not for logical not.

Bitwise Operators: Bitwise operators are used to perform bitwise operations on binary numbers. Python supports the following bitwise operators: & for bitwise and, | for bitwise or, ^ for bitwise xor, ~ for bitwise not, << for bitwise left shift, and >> for bitwise right shift.

Membership Operators: Membership operators are used to test if a value or variable is a member of a sequence. Python supports the following membership operators: in for membership in, and not in for membership not in.

Identity Operators: Identity operators are used to compare the memory location of two objects. Python supports the following identity operators: is for identity, and is not for non-identity.

In summary, Python provides a wide range of operators that can be used to perform various operations on values and variables. Understanding the different types of operators and their usage is important for developing complex programs and solving real-world problems.