An Armstrong number (also called a plus perfect number or narcissistic number) is a number equal to the sum of the nth power of the digits, where n is the quantity of digits in the number.

This is a C++ program that checks if a given number is an Armstrong number.

```
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
bool checkArmstrong(int number) {
int temp, remainder, i, counter = 0, result = 0, power;
temp = number;
while (temp != 0) {
temp /= 10;
counter++;
}
temp = number;
while (temp != 0) {
remainder = temp % 10;
power = 1;
i = counter;
while (i != 0) {
power *= remainder;
i--;
}
result += power;
temp /= 10;
}
if (number == result) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}
int main() {
int number;
cout << "Enter a number to check for armstrong: ";
cin >> number;
if (checkArmstrong(number)) {
cout << number << " is an armstrong number";
} else {
cout << number << " is not an armstrong number";
}
return 0;
}
```

```
Enter a number to check for armstrong: 371
371 is an armstrong number
```

`bool checkArmstrong(int number)`

: This function takes an integer as input and returns a boolean value indicating whether the given number is an Armstrong number or not.

It starts by initializing three variables, `temp`

, `remainder`

, and `result`

, to the input `number`

. `temp`

is used as a temporary variable to store the input number. `counter`

is used to keep track of the number of digits in the input number. `result`

is used to store the sum of the digits raised to the power of the number of digits.

In the first while loop, the number of digits in the input number is calculated by repeatedly dividing the `temp`

by 10 until it becomes zero.

In the second while loop, the digits of the input number are extracted one by one, and their values raised to the power of the number of digits are added to `result`

. This is done by using the modulo operator to extract the last digit, computing the power of that digit, and then updating `temp`

to remove the last digit.

Finally, if the sum of the digits raised to the power of the number of digits is equal to the input number, the function returns `true`

, indicating that the number is an Armstrong number. Otherwise, it returns `false`

.

`int main()`

: This is the main function of the program, where the input is taken and the result of the`checkArmstrong`

function is displayed.

The user is prompted to enter a number to check for being an Armstrong number. The input number is passed to the `checkArmstrong`

function, which returns a boolean value indicating whether the number is an Armstrong number or not. The result is then displayed on the console.

This is a C++ program to find all Armstrong numbers within a specified upper bound. An Armstrong number, also known as a narcissistic number, is a number that is equal to the sum of its own digits raised to the power of the number of digits.

```
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
bool checkArmstrong(int number) {
int temp, remainder, i, counter = 0, result = 0, power;
temp = number;
while (temp != 0) {
temp /= 10;
counter++;
}
temp = number;
while (temp != 0) {
remainder = temp % 10;
power = 1;
i = counter;
while (i != 0) {
power *= remainder;
i--;
}
result += power;
temp /= 10;
}
if (number == result) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}
int main() {
int max;
cout << "Enter the upper bound to find armstrong numbers: ";
cin >> max;
cout << "Armstrong Number Series:";
for (int i = 1; i <= max; i++) {
if (checkArmstrong(i)) {
cout << i << " ";
}
}
return 0;
}
```

```
Enter the upper bound to find armstrong numbers: 1000
Armstrong Number Series:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 153 370 371 407
```

The program defines two functions: `checkArmstrong`

and `main`

. The `checkArmstrong`

function takes an integer `number`

as input and returns a boolean value indicating whether or not the number is an Armstrong number. The `main`

function is the entry point of the program and contains the main logic.

The `checkArmstrong`

function first determines the number of digits in `number`

using a while loop. Then it uses another while loop to calculate the sum of the cubes of the digits. If the sum of the cubes of the digits is equal to the original number, the function returns `true`

. Otherwise, it returns `false`

.

The `main`

function first prompts the user to enter an upper bound. It then uses a for loop to iterate through all the numbers from 1 to the upper bound and check if each number is an Armstrong number. If a number is an Armstrong number, it is printed to the console.

Finally, the program returns 0, indicating that it has completed execution successfully.

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